Murchison Falls which protects a variety of untamed African savannah, is the largest of all National Game Parks in Uganda.
- Size: 3,840 sq km
- District: Masindi
- Altitude: 1,292 Metres Above Sea Level
- Geographical location: North-western Uganda
- Game Viewing Uganda
- Birding Uganda
- launch cruises on River Nile
- Spot fishing
- Nature walks
- Forest walks
- Chimpanzee tracking
Murchison Falls National Park in Uganda got its name from the dramatic Murchison Falls which are found within the park. These spectacular falls are formed at a point where the world’s longest river explodes through a narrow gorge in the Great Rift Valley of East Africa and flows down to continue its path. Its banks are thronged with plenty of wild life from Mammals to birds and Reptiles. The vegetation is characterised by Savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Uganda’s Rabongo Forest which is situated in the South-east of the park is home to a number of primates such as Chimpanzees and other rainforest creatures.
Murchison Falls National Park boosts of 460 birds and 76 mammals Checklists. Unfortunately, the Park suffered a high level of poaching in the 1970s and 1980s, but animal populations have largely recovered. This is proved by the regular encounters of Lions, Leopards, Savannah Elephants, Buffalo herds, Giraffes, a variety of Antelopes species, and many more on game drives through the lush borassus grassland to the north of the Nile.
The Nile at Murchison Falls National Park itself hosts one of Africa’s densest Hippopotamus and Crocodile populations, and a dazzling variety of Waterfowl.
Birding Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park Bird Checklist of up to 460 species is a result of its large size and wide range of habitats. It is certain that the birds Checklist list is incomplete and many additions can be expected with more intensive research.
The Park supports 20 species from three non-qualifying biomes: 11 species of the Guinea–Congo Forests, 6 species of the Afro tropical Highlands and 3 of the Somali–Masai biome.
Notable of the many are the Stunning African Fish Eagle, African Skimmer and the elusive and Pre-historic Shoebill Stork which can easily be seen at the banks of river Nile on a Launch Cruise to the delta. Other bird species that can be seen on one’s Uganda Birding Safari will include the Silver Bird, Blue-napped Mouse birds, Grey-crowned Crane, Buff-bellied Warbler, Goliath Heron, Black-headed Batis, Black-headed Gonolek, Green-winged Ptyilia, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver, Long-toed Plover, Vitelline Masked Weaver, Saddle-billed Stork, Spotted Mourning Thrush, Spotted and Verreaux’s Eagle Owls, Long-tailed, the incredibly striking Pennant-winged Nightjar, standard-winged Nightjar, White-backed Night Heron, Pel’s Fishing Owl, just to mention but a few.
Spot Fishing is available in the river above and below the Falls. Nile Perch and tiger-fish provide an exciting challenge to anglers. Please carry your own fishing equipments.
Nature walks are done at Rabongo Forest, top of the falls and Kaniyo Pabidi. Murchison Falls Conservation Area offers the opportunity to explore the wild on foot.
A trail at Paraa winds through riverine forest, gullies and low hills. Animals, birds and plants can be closely and quietly observed.