Rwenzori Mountains National Park
- Size: 996 sq km
- District: Rukungiri, Kabale and Kisoro
- Geographical Location: In the Northern part of the Albertine Rift and the west of the Great East African Rift Valley.
- Altitude: Up to 5,109 metres above sea level (The highest elevation in Uganda)
- Rwenzori Mountaineering
- Birdwatching Uganda
- Game Watching
- Nature Walks
Physical features: Despite the existence with in the range of the equator, the Rwenzori Mountains also known as the Mountains of the Moon, have permanent snow on six of the peaks and glaciers on three. The glaciers are visible from all corners of miles distances as one travels through western Uganda. There are five different Vegetation Zones known to the famous Rwenzori Mountains, namely; The Grassland Zone- from 1000-2000 metres above sea level, Montane Forest- from 2000-3000 metres above sea level, Bamboo/Mimulopsis Zone- from 2500-3500 metres above sea level, Heather/Rapanea Zone- from 3000-4000 metres above sea level, and the Afro-Alpine Moorland Zone- from 4000-4500 metres above sea level to which the astonishingly striking rivers and lakes.
Hiking Mountain Rwenzori
Mountain Rwenzori National Park derives its name from this legendary mountain. Rwenzori is not only celebrated for being Africa’s third highest mountain but also Uganda’s highest mountain with the complex Mount Stanley- also known as Margherita Peak having the highest elevation at 5,109 metres above sea level. Rwenzori is know to have six major peaks namely; Mount Stanley the highest at 5,109 metres above sea level, Mount Speke at 4,890 metres above seal level, Mount Baker at 4,843 metres above sea level, Mount Emin at 4,798 metres above sea level, Mount Gessi at 4,715 metres above sea level, and Mount Luigi di Savoia at 4,627 metres above sea level.
Mountaineering is the most popular tour activity in the park, the major circuit takes you through all vegetation zones up to the glacial peaks. However, there are also shorter hikes for fewer days and distance since the major Circuit which takes one to the highest peak is recommended for experienced mountaineers. The trails were developed in a way that even non-skilled skilled hikers can be able to freely ascend or descend.
For these and more other reasons, many hikers have rated Mountain Rwenzori the most challenging of all Africa’s mountains.
Birding Rwenzori Mountains
Birding Mountain Rwenzori National Park can be so productive, since the park boosts of 217 bird species Checklist. Here is home to 17 bird species of the 24 Albertine Rift endemics known to Uganda and 59 of the 88 Afro-tropical Highlands that occur in Uganda. Among the many species to look out for will include; the Handsome Francolin, Strange Weaver, Rwenzori Turaco, Rwenzori Nightjar, Archer’s Robin-Chat, Red-throated Alethe, Montane Masked and Collared Apalises, Stripe-breast Tit, Rwenzori Batis, the Purple-breasted, Malachite, Blue-headed, Rwenzori Double-collared, Tiny and the Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbirds, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, African Long-eared Owl, Western Green Tinkerbird, Olive Woodpecker, Grey-chested Illadopsis, Rwenzori Hill Babbler Grey-winged Robin, Cinnamon Bracken Evergreen Forest and Bamboo Warblers, Lagden’s Bush-Shrike, Mountain Sooty Boubou, White-collared Olive-back, Red-faced, Dusky Crimsonwings just to mention but a few.
For primates’ lovers, Chimpanzees, Rwenzori Colobus Monkeys, Black-and-white Colobus Monkeys and the Blue monkeys dominate the park’s trails. There are also records of African Elephants, Bushbucks, Giant Forest Hogs, Hyraxes, Leopard and many others although rarely present.