Moist semi-deciduous forest with Iron wood Cyanometra alexandri being the dominant species, patches of swamp forest, and aquatic habitat represented by forest streams and oxbow lakes with adjacent swamps.
- Size: 220 km sq.
- District: Bundibugyo
- Altitude Range: 670 – 760 metres above sea level
- Geographical Location: Semuliki National Park lies in Western Uganda across the floor of Semuliki Valley on the remote west side of Mountain Rwenzori.
- Bird watching
- Game Viewing
- Nature walks
- Community walks
- Hot springs in Semuliki
- Scenic viewing
Semuliki National Park lies along the Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) border within the western arm of the Rift valley. The park covers the eastern extension of the vast Ituri Forest. Semuliki Forest formed part of the forest continuum during the climatic upheavals of the Pleistocene age, and is one of the richest areas for both flora and fauna in Africa.
The Sempaya Hot springs have made the Park a popular tour destination in Uganda
Game Viewing Semuliki- Uganda
53 species of mammal have been recorded here, many of which are shy, elusive and nocturnal. Conspicuous species include Grey-cheeked Mangabeys, Vervet Monkeys, Red-tailed Monkeys, Mona Monkeys, Blue Monkeys, Olive Baboons and Guereza Colobuses, De Brazza’s Monkeys and man’s closest relatives the Chimpanzees. Nocturnal primates include Pottos and Galagos. There are three tracks across the Savannah grassland which increase chances of seeing the African Elephants, Bush pigs, Water Chevrotain, Buffaloes, Waterbucks, Crocodiles, Warthogs, and the Uganda Kobs, Sitatungas, White-bellied Duiker also known as the Dwarf Antelope, Beecroft’s Anomalure/Zenker’s Flying Mouse, the lively and agile squirrels such as Fire-footed Rope or Red-legged Sun Squirrels and many more.
Birding Semuliki of Uganda
This park harbours a large number of predominantly Central African species which can not be found anywhere else in East Africa and these include some of the continent’s most spectacular and sought-after birds such as; the Long-tailed Hawk, Congo Serpent Eagle, Lyre-tailed Honeyguide, Black-wattled Hornbill, the Nkulengu Rail, just to mention but a few. There is a single, unconfirmed report of the globally threatened Lesser Kestrel.
Although this site does not qualify for the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, it holds six species of this biome, including several that are at the extreme south of their range such as Piapiac, Red-throated Bee-eater, and Purple Glossy-starling. Sixteen species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome also occur in the Wildlife Reserve, as do four species of the Lake Victoria Basin biome.
Other species to look out for will include; the Blue Swallow, White-throated Blue Swallow, Swamp Palm Bulbul, Spotted Greenbul, White-starred Robin, Lowland Akalat, Red-throated Alethe, Fire-crested Alethe, Snowy-headed Robin-Chat, Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat, Red-eyed Puffback, White-tailed Robin-Chat, Northern Bearded Scrub-Robin, Capped Wheatear, Common Stonechat, Abyssinian Ground-Thrush, Oberlaender’s Ground-Thrush, Grey Ground-Thrush, Little Grey Greenbul, Toro Olive Greenbul, Mountain Greenbul, Yellow-throated Nicator, Western Nicator, Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike, Petit’s Cuckoo-shrike, Black Saw-wing, Eurasian Oystercatcher, Long-tailed Hawk, Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, Chestnut-flanked Goshawk, Grant’s Bluebill, Afep Pigeon, Blue-headed Coucal, Bates’s Nightjar, Swamp Nightjar, Cassin’ Spinetail, Sabine’s Spinetail, White-bellied Kingfisher, Shinning-blue Kingfisher, Gabon Woodpecker, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Yellow-billed Barbet, Double-toothed Barbet, Black-billed Barbet, White-headed Barbet, just to mention but a few.
A number of butterfly species have been identified, including 46 species of forest Swallowtails and Charaxes (75% of Uganda’s total) and at least 235 species of moths have been classified as restricted to this area in Uganda.
305 species of trees have been recorded in semuliki Forest out of which 125 species are restricted to this area in Uganda.
The Pygmies “Batwa” who settled near the Ntandi some years ago have turned into a major attraction, other people that live around here are the Bwamba, Bakonzo, Babwitsi, Batooro, and Babutoku.
From Kampala, two major roads can be used; Kampala-Fortportal via Mubende which is a 4-5 hours drive and Kampala-Fortportal via Masaka, Mbarara and Kasese (7-8 hours). It is in the far west, 50km from Fort Portal.